Date: August 20, 2012
Time: 2:00-3:00pm Eastern
Additional Resources: http://www.diet.ku.edu/
A diet and incentive program was designed by a multi-disciplinary team at The University of Kansas (KU) including dieticians, exercise physiologists, and behavior analysts from KU as well as the KU Medical Center. The program was a combination of reduced-calorie packaged meals (PM) and a modified stoplight approach (SLDm) coupled with encouragement to increase walking. The diet was presented in a manner that was pictures-based rather than numbers-based. Each participant was seen monthly in his or her home. The diet was tested in a pilot project with 79 adults with intellectual or developmental disabilities (IDD). Two additional ongoing projects are randomized clinical trials comparing the PM/SLDm diet with a Usual Care diet (MyPyramid (USDA)). Project 2 has an enrollment of 140 adults with physical disabilities. Project 3 has an enrollment of 90 of an anticipated 160 adults with IDD. Most participants have lost weight and reactive or problem behaviors have been rare. Although the results of each study will be summarized, the primary objective of this presentation is to share details not likely to see inclusion in formal publications. Although the presenters are investigators on these projects, they have personally served as the interventionists for over 100 of the IDD participants.
Richard Saunders, PhD and Muriel Saunders, PhD
Dr. Richard Saunders conducts research with his wife Muriel Saunders in the areas of intellectual, physical and developmental disabilities, including adaptive switch technology, supported routines, health promotion, and weight loss interventions. He is also affiliated with KU's Parsons Research Center, the Weight Management Center, and the Kansas Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Center.
Dr. Muriel Saunders conducts research with her husband Richard Saunders in intellectual, physical and developmental disabilities, including adaptive switch technology, supported routines, health promotion, and weight loss interventions. She has also worked in other areas of health promotion including workplace ergonomics and dental care. She began her career in 1967 as a 4th grade teacher. In her first year of teaching, she teamed up with Montrose Wolf and Harriet Barrish to find a way to reduce the disruptive behaviors of her students. They developed a landmark procedure called the Good Behavior Game that quickly made students manageable. This experience was a turning point in her career. For the last 49 years, she has maintained a foot in both the education and research realms. She is also affiliated with KU's Parsons Research Center, the Weight Management Center, and the Kansas Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Center.
Saunders, R. R., Saunders, M. D., Donnelly, J. E., Smith, B. K., Sullivan, D. K., Guilford, B., & Rondon, M. F. (2011). Evaluation of an approach to weight loss in adults with intellectual or developmental disabilities. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 49(2), 103-112.
Saunders, R. R. (2007). Residential and day services. In J. W. Jacobson, J. A.
Mulick, & Rojahn, J. (Eds.). Handbook of Intellectual and Developmental
Disabilities, (pp. 209-226). New York: Springer.